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Research


Roughly 2,400 years ago Plato, the Greek philosopher, touted his belief that our eyes work by emitting beams of light. While certainly an innovative thought, it’s incorrect, but speaks to early obsessions with studying optical phenomena that have carried us to the present: artificial vision systems inspired by biology. Giving our hardware sight has empowered …

The future of work is increasingly digital, and with the infusion of AI into automation, we’ll see an accelerated adoption of intelligent digital employees that will support knowledge workers. The future of work is increasingly digital, and with the infusion of AI into automation, we’ll see an accelerated adoption of intelligent digital employees that will …

Researchers train a machine-learning model to monitor and adjust the 3D printing process to correct errors in real-time. Scientists and engineers are constantly developing new materials with unique properties that can be used for 3D printing, but figuring out how to print with these materials can be a complex, costly conundrum.   Often, an expert …

What the research is: Meta AI is sharing new research on using Vision Transformers (ViTs) for object detection. Our approach, ViTDet, outperforms previous alternatives on benchmarks on the Large Vocabulary Instance Segmentation (LVIS) dataset, which was released by Meta AI researchers in 2019 to facilitate research on low-shot object detection. In this task, the model must learn …

The technique opens a door to manufacturing of pressure-monitoring bandages, shade-shifting fabrics, or touch-sensing robots. Imagine stretching a piece of film to reveal a hidden message. Or checking an arm band’s color to gauge muscle mass. Or sporting a swimsuit that changes hue as you do laps. Such chameleon-like, color-shifting materials could be on the …

CSAIL researchers recently helped organize the first neurosymbolic programming summer school at the California Institute of Technology. From July 11 to 13, the program brought together students of different backgrounds who are interested in the field. Neurosymbolic programming models are techniques that build off of machine learning by utilizing a combination of human-like neural networks …

How a voltage pulse technique opens the door to artificial molecular machines Pictured: Artistic representation of the molecular structures. Selectively and reversibly, the molecular structure in the center can be transformed to the structure on the right or on the left, by voltage pulses applied form the tip of a scanning probe microscope. This week’s Science cover …

The entirety of the known universe is teeming with an infinite number of molecules. But what fraction of these molecules have potential drug-like traits that can be used to develop life-saving drug treatments? Millions? Billions? Trillions? The answer: novemdecillion, or 1060. This gargantuan number prolongs the drug development process for fast-spreading diseases like Covid-19 because …

Using a novel fabrication process, MIT researchers have produced smart textiles that snugly conform to the body so they can sense the wearer’s posture and motions. By incorporating a special type of plastic yarn and using heat to slightly melt it — a process called thermoforming — the researchers were able to greatly improve the …

Have you ever seen a puppy in a nest emerging from a cracked egg? What about a photo that’s overlooking a steampunk city with airships? Or a picture of two robots having a romantic evening at the movies? These might sound far-fetched, but a novel type of machine learning technology called text-to-image generation makes them …